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Academic S&E articles/$1 million academic S&E R&D | State Indicator S-49

Academic Science and Engineering Article Output per $1 Million of Academic Science and Engineering R&D

This indicator represents the relationship between the number of academic S&E publications and the amount of money expended for academic S&E R&D. Academic institutions include 2-year colleges, 4-year colleges or universities, medical schools, and university-affiliated research centers. This indicator is not an efficiency measure; it is affected by the highly variable costs of R&D and by publishing conventions in different fields and institutions. It may also reflect variations in field emphasis among states and institutions.

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Academic Science and Engineering Article Output per $1 Million of Academic Science and Engineering R&D