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Life Scientists as a Percentage of All Occupations (Percent)

State Indicator S-34

This indicator represents the percentage of life scientists in a state's workforce. Life scientists are identified from standard occupational codes that include agricultural and food scientists, biological scientists, conservation scientists and foresters, medical scientists, and postsecondary teachers in these fields. A high share of life scientists in a state's workforce could indicate a robust cluster of life sciences industries such as pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing. States in the top quartile for this indicator also tend to contain agriculture-intensive industries.

Data on individuals in life sciences occupations and total occupations come from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey, a survey of workplaces that assigns workers to a state based on where they work. Estimates are developed by BLS from data provided by state workforce agencies. The OES survey covers all full-time and part-time wage and salary workers in nonfarm industries. The survey does not cover the self-employed, owners and partners in unincorporated firms, household workers, or unpaid family workers.

Estimates for states with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations.

Data source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics Survey.

  • 1st Quartile

  • 2nd Quartile

  • 3rd Quartile

  • 4th Quartile

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NA = not available.

NOTES: Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) estimates for 2004 and earlier are based on November data; estimates for the remaining years are based on May data. The total for the United States includes states with suppressed data and does not include territories.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, special tabulations of the Occupational Employment Statistics Survey (various years), data as of May 2020.

Recommended Citation: National Science Board. “Life Scientists as a Percentage of All Occupations.” Science and Engineering Indicators: State Indicators. Alexandria, VA: National Science Foundation. Accessed on [date of user access].

Last updated: November 30, 2020