Acknowledgments and Citation


The National Science Board (NSB) extends its appreciation to the staff of the National Science Foundation (NSF) and to the many others, too numerous to list individually, who contributed to the preparation of this report.

This report was produced under the leadership of Amy Burke, Program Director, Science and Engineering Indicators Program of the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES); Emilda B. Rivers, Director, NCSES; and Vipin Arora, Deputy Director, NCSES.

This report benefitted from extensive contributions from NCSES staff. Darius Singpurwalla provided advice on statistical issues. Carol Robbins and Karen White served in administrative roles. May Aydin, Catherine Corlies, and Rajinder Raut coordinated the report’s publication process and managed the development of its digital platform. Christine Hamel and Tonya Gore conducted editorial and composition review.

SRI International, Center for Innovation Strategy and Policy, assisted with report preparation. John Benskin and Claire Lecornu of SRI International provided an especially large contribution to the report. Staff at RTI International, including Serena Hinz, Micaela Brewington, Roxanne Snaauw, Veronica Thomas, and Xianglei Chen, assisted with table and figure preparation and literature review. August Gering of RTI International also provided editing services. Michelle Goryn at SRI International provided editorial assistance. Staff at Penobscot Bay Media, LLC (PenBay Media), created the report site. The following persons and agencies reviewed this report:

Mesfin Bekalu, Harvard University

Georges Benjamin, American Public Health Association

Cary Funk, Pew Research Center

Melanie Green, University at Buffalo

Bruce Lewenstein, Cornell University

Sara Yeo, University of Utah

U.S. Census Bureau


Office of Science and Technology Policy

NSB is especially grateful to the Committee on National Science and Engineering Policy for overseeing preparation of the volume and to the National Science Board Office, under the direction of John Veysey, which provided vital coordination throughout the project. Nadine Lymn led the outreach and dissemination efforts. Reba Bandyopadhyay served as Board Office Liaison to the committee. Carol Robbins, May Aydin, and Anne Emig were the Executive Secretaries.


National Science Board (NSB), National Science Foundation. 2022. Science and Technology: Public Perceptions, Awareness, and Information Sources. Science and Engineering Indicators 2022. NSB-2022-7. Alexandria, VA. Available at