Acknowledgments and Citation


The National Science Board (NSB) extends its appreciation to the staff of the National Science Foundation and to the many others, too numerous to list individually, who contributed to the preparation of this report.

This report was produced under the leadership of Amy Burke, Program Director, Science and Engineering Indicators Program of the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES); Emilda B. Rivers, Director, NCSES; and Vipin Arora, Deputy Director, NCSES.

The report benefitted from extensive contributions from NCSES staff. Wan-Ying Chang provided advice on statistical issues. Other NCSES staff who contributed to the report include John Finamore. Carol Robbins and Karen White served in administrative roles. May Aydin, Catherine Corlies, and Rajinder Raut coordinated the report’s publication process and managed the development of its digital platform. Christine Hamel and Tanya Gore conducted editorial and composition review.

SRI International, Center for Innovation Strategy and Policy, assisted with report preparation. Emily Mellicant, Gigi Jones, and James Sullivan of SRI International provided an especially large contribution to the report. RTI International provided editing services. Nancy Gough at BETAH Associates and Michelle Goryn at SRI International provided editorial assistance. Staff at Penobscot Bay Media, LLC (PenBay Media), created the report site. The following persons and agencies reviewed this report:

Dorinda Allard, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

D. Augustus Anderson, Census Bureau

Megan Fasules, Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce

John Jones, BLS

Shulamit Kahn, Boston University

Chris B. Newman, Azusa Pacific University

Henry Sauermann, ESMT Berlin

Michelle Van Noy, Rutgers University

National Science Foundation

Department of Homeland Security

Office of Science and Technology Policy

The National Science Board is especially grateful to the Committee on National Science and Engineering Policy for overseeing preparation of the volume and to the National Science Board Office, under the direction of John Veysey, which provided vital coordination throughout the project. Nadine Lymn led the outreach and dissemination efforts. Reba Bandyopadhyay served as Board Office Liaison to the committee. Carol Robbins and May Aydin were the Executive Secretaries.


National Science Board, National Science Foundation. 2021. The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers and Skilled Technical Workers. Science and Engineering Indicators 2022. NSB-2021-2. Alexandria, VA. Available at