Acknowledgments and Citation


The National Science Board extends its appreciation to the staff of the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science Foundation and to the many others, too numerous to list individually, who contributed to the preparation of this report.

This report was produced under the leadership of Emilda B. Rivers, Director, NCSES; Christina Freyman, Deputy Director, NCSES; and John Finamore, Chief Statistician, NCSES.

The report benefited from extensive contributions from NCSES staff, including Christina Freyman, Amy Burke, Gary Anderson, and Carol Robbins. Jock Black provided advice on statistical issues. Clara Boothby, Melisa Bueno, Steven Deitz, Anna Groves, Angela Haskell, and Marie Rush served in administrative roles. May Aydin, Catherine Corlies, and Rajinder Raut coordinated the report’s publication process and managed the development of its digital platform. Christine Hamel and Tanya Gore conducted editorial and composition review.

RTI International assisted with report preparation under the leadership of Susan Rotermund. Jennifer Ozawa and Alison Bean de Hernandez from RTI International assisted with report preparation, including analysis, report structure, data quality assurance, and table and figure preparation. Robin Henke led the work on data quality assurance. August Gering led the RTI editing team, with editorial support from Margaret Johnson and composition support from Alex Cone. Staff at Penobscot Bay Media, LLC (PenBay Media), created the report site. The following agencies reviewed this report:

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Bureau of Economic Analysis

Bureau of Labor Statistics

Census Bureau

Department of Homeland Security

The Board is especially grateful to the Committee on National Science and Engineering Policy for overseeing preparation of the volume and to the National Science Board Office, under the direction of John Veysey, which provided vital coordination throughout the project. Amanda Vernon served as National Science Board Office Liaison to the committee. May Aydin, Steven Deitz, and Anne Emig were the Executive Secretaries.


National Science Board, National Science Foundation. 2024. Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries. Science and Engineering Indicators 2024. NSB-2024-7. Alexandria, VA. Available at