Acknowledgments and citation


The Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED) is conducted and sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science Foundation (NSF) and co-sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Education (ED), and National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). These federal agencies gratefully acknowledge the support and assistance of graduate deans and their staff, registrars, dissertation officers, and other administrators who participate in the SED effort and contribute to its success. Appreciation is also extended to the new research doctorate recipients who completed the 2020 survey.

NCSES’s Jaquelina Falkenheim authored and oversaw preparation of this report, and Kelly Kang (NCSES) oversaw the preparation of all data tables, under the leadership of Emilda B. Rivers, NCSES Director; Vipin Arora, NCSES Deputy Director; Matthew Williams, Acting NCSES Chief Statistician; and Rebecca Morrison, Acting NCSES Human Resources Statistics Program Director. Wan-Ying Chang (NCSES) advised on statistical issues. Other NCSES staff who contributed to this report include Elizabeth Grieco, Karen Hamrick, Abigail Okrent, and Josh Trapani. Jock Black (NCSES) reviewed this report.

Under NCSES contract, staff at RTI International conducted the 2020 survey and played a valuable role in the resulting publications. The following staff provided especially notable contributions: Patricia Green, Jamie Friedman, Jonathan Gordon, Jane Griffin, Ruth Heuer, and Robert Steele.

May Aydin, Catherine Corlies, and Rajinder Raut (NCSES) coordinated this report’s publication process, including the management of its edit and development of its digital platform. Christine Hamel and Tanya Gore (NCSES) conducted composition review. OmniStudio, Inc., designed the cover and layout. Staff at Penobscot Bay Media, LLC (PenBay Media) created the report site.

Suggested citation

National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Science Foundation. 2021. Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2020. NSF 22-300. Alexandria, VA. Available at