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Research and Development: U.S. Trends and International Comparisons .
Report

Research and Development: U.S. Trends and International Comparisons 

May 21, 2024
Research and experimental development (R&D) contributes to competitiveness and national security and is also a leading component of supply chains for industries at the forefront of advanced manufacturing and critical technologies. The United States had the highest gross domestic expenditures on R&D internationally in 2021, followed by China. The top five R&D-performing economies (including Japan, Germany, and South Korea) accounted for 73% of the 2021 global R&D total.

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In the News

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Our data are referenced on the number of postdocs in the biological and biomedical fields between 2018 and 2022.
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America's New Innovation Hotspots, Mapped

Science and Engineering Indicators data are cited on the geographical location of patenting and trademark activities in the United States.

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Cybersecurity Workforce Data Initiative Workshop #2

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NCSES serves as a clearinghouse for the collection, interpretation, analysis, and dissemination of objective science and engineering data.
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