Federal Obligations for R&D Increased Nearly 14% in FY 2021, Supported by COVID-19 Pandemic-Related Funding.

Federal Obligations for R&D Increased Nearly 14% in FY 2021, Supported by COVID-19 Pandemic-Related Funding

September 25, 2023
Federal agency obligations for research and experimental development (R&D) reached an all-time high of $190.2 billion in FY 2021, an increase of  $22.7 billion (13.6%) from FY 2020. Of the $190.2 billion in federal R&D in FY 2021, $35.6 billion were from COVID-19 pandemic-related stimulus funds.

State Indicators

Compare 60 key indicators to understand how your state ranks against other states and the nation.

Chart Builder

Generate simple line and bar graphs using the Chart Builder.

Data Explorer

Quickly discover and learn about available surveys and measures with the Data Explorer.

How We Support Research

NCSES supports the use of our data for innovative research through collaborative partnerships.


NCSES promotes research on the collection, analysis, and reporting of data. Explore our work and opportunities here.
Funding Opportunities.

Funding Opportunities

Learn about the various research funding mechanisms NCSES offers and their associated deadlines.
Restricted Use Data Licensing.

Restricted Use Data Licensing

Apply to gain access to NCSES's restricted use microdata.

In the News

The Nursing Workforce Needs More Men

This article cites our latest Diversity and STEM report, which expanded the STEM workforce definition to include health care workers.

Fact check: Is U.S. Losing Ground to China in Research Spending?

This article cites NCSES data on research and development investment trends over time and within a global context.



Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology (FCSM) Research and Policy Conference

Join federal and nonfederal researchers and policy members in exchanging methodological knowledge and statistical policy insights.

Women in Statistics and Data Science Conference

Join professionals and students from academia, industry, and government working in statistics and data science.

About Us

NCSES serves as a clearinghouse for the collection, interpretation, analysis, and dissemination of objective science and engineering data.
Learn More

Quality & Transparency

NCSES strives to provide high-quality, reproducible data and to be transparent in all methods.

Leadership & Staff

View our directory of leadership and staff.

Schedule of Release Dates

See the release schedule for NCSES data and products.


Contact us with any questions or comments.