Acknowledgments and citation


The Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED) is conducted and sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science Foundation (NSF) and co-sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Education (ED), and National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). These federal agencies gratefully acknowledge the support and assistance of graduate deans and their staff, registrars, dissertation officers, and other administrators who participate in the SED effort and contribute to its success. Appreciation is also extended to the new research doctorate recipients who completed the 2021 survey.

NCSES’s Jaquelina Falkenheim authored and oversaw preparation of this summary report, and Kelly Kang (NCSES) oversaw the preparation of all detailed data tables and technical notes, under the leadership of Emilda B. Rivers, NCSES Director; Vipin Arora, NCSES Deputy Director; John Finamore, NCSES Chief Statistician; and Amy Burke, Science, Technology, and Innovation Analysis Program Director. Wan-Ying Chang (NCSES) advised on statistical issues. Other NCSES staff who contributed to this report include Elizabeth Grieco, Kelly Phou, and Karen White. Jock Black (NCSES) reviewed this report.

Under NCSES contract, staff at RTI International conducted the 2021 survey and played a valuable role in the resulting publications. The following staff provided especially notable contributions: Caren Arbeit, Peter Einaudi, Patricia Green, Jamie Friedman, Jonathan Gordon, Jane Griffin, Ruth Heuer, and Robert Steele.

Catherine Corlies and Rajinder Raut (NCSES) coordinated this report’s publication process, including the management of its edit and development of its digital platform. Christine Hamel and Tanya Gore (NCSES) conducted composition review. OmniStudio, Inc., designed the cover. Staff at Penobscot Bay Media, LLC (PenBay Media) created the report site. Devi Mishra (NCSES) provided data processing support.

Suggested citation

National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Science Foundation. 2022. Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2021. NSF 23-300. Alexandria, VA. Available at