2The drop in the number of doctorate recipients in the field of education between 2009 and 2011 is at least partly attributable to the reclassification of Doctor of Education (EdD) programs. For details, see “Time series data changes” in the “Data Source” section.
9For a detailed discussion on other aspects of education-related debt, see “Education-Related Debt” in National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). 2019. Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities 2018. NSF 20-301. Available at https://ncses.nsf.gov/pubs/nsf20301/report.
12For details on the growth of the S&E workforce, see National Science Board. 2021. The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers and Skilled Technical Workers. Science and Engineering Indicators 2022. NSB-2021-2. Available at https://ncses.nsf.gov/pubs/nsb20212.
15Industry includes all nonacademic sectors, including self-employment, private for-profit and private nonprofit, and government.
17National Science for Science and Engineering Statistics, special tabulations (2022) of the 2021 Survey of Earned Doctorates.
18Doctorate recipients were allowed to provide multiple responses as to how their research was disrupted.
19Doctorate recipients were allowed to provide multiple responses as to how their postgraduation employment or education plans changed.
20Doctorate recipients were allowed to provide multiple responses as to how their long-term career plans or goals changed.
21The proportion of doctorate recipients who mentioned their funding was reduced or suspended did not vary by the primary source of funding reported by the doctorate recipient (special tabulation).
22NCSES, special tabulations (2022) of the 2021 SED.
23For detailed data on underrepresented minorities, see National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics. 2021. Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2021. NSF 21-321. Alexandria, VA: National Science Foundation. Available at https://ncses.nsf.gov/pubs/nsf21321/.