Acknowledgments and citation


This report was developed and written by Karen Hamrick, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), National Science Foundation. Overall guidance and direction of the content and presentation of the report were provided by Emilda Rivers, Vipin Arora, John Finamore, and May Aydin, all at NCSES, and by Samson Adeshiyan, formerly at NCSES and currently at the Energy Information Administration.

Data from the Survey of Earned Doctorates, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, and the Early Career Doctorates Survey were produced by RTI International. Estimates using the Survey of Doctorate Recipients were produced by Westat. Estimates using the National Survey of College Graduates were produced by Greg Orlofsky, Census Bureau. Estimates using the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System and those using the Current Population Survey were produced by Steve Deitz, Christina Freyman, Paul Liu, and Emily Mellicant, all at SRI International. The production of data from the National Survey of College Graduates, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, and Early Career Doctorates Survey was performed by Nguyen Tu Tran, DMI, under the direction of Devi Mishra, NCSES. Production of data from NCSES survey programs was done under the supervision of Daniel Foley, Kelly Kang, Lynn Milan, Kelly Phou, and Michael Yamaner, all at NCSES. Data checking was performed by Tonie Gordon and Mia Thomas, both at SRI International.

The report was edited and produced by Christine Hamel and Tanya Gore, with guidance from Catherine Corlies, all at NCSES. Drew Mitchell and staff at OmniStudio, Inc., designed the cover and layout. Development of the Web version was guided by Rajinder Raut, NCSES, with technical assistance from staff of Penobscot Bay Media.

Statistical review was provided by Jock Black, Wan-Ying Chang, Darius Singpurwalla, and Matthew Williams, all at NCSES. Valuable comments on the report draft were provided by Jaquelina Falkenheim, Daniel Foley, Ledia Guci, and Abigail Okrent, all at NCSES.

Eulus S. Moore, Office of Personnel Management, provided data and technical assistance. Veronica Barraza at Windsor Group, Christina Freyman at SRI International, and Kirsten Wallerstedt at Emerging Sun provided project management assistance. Flora Lan, NCSES, provided contract management assistance. Crystal Coleman at SRI International and Christine Hamel at NCSES provided outreach assistance.

Suggested citation

National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics. 2021. Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2021. Special Report NSF 21-321. Alexandria, VA: National Science Foundation. Available at