Glossary and key to acronyms


High-Hispanic-enrollment institutions. HHEs are public and private nonprofit academic institutions whose undergraduate, full-time equivalent student enrollment is at least 25% Hispanic. The list of HHEs included in this report is based on data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Fall 2018 Enrollment Survey conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics.

Historically Black colleges or universities. HBCUs are academic institutions on a list maintained by the White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges or Universities. The Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, defines an HBCU as “...any historically Black college or university that was established prior to 1964, whose principal mission was, and is, the education of Black Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary [of Education] to be a reliable authority as to the quality of training offered or is, according to such an agency or association, making reasonable progress toward accreditation.” See

Minority. A minority is a racial or ethnic group that is a small percentage of the U.S. population. Blacks or African Americans, Hispanics or Latinos, American Indians or Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders, Asians, and persons reporting more than one race are minority groups.

S&E technologies. A group of fields that includes science, engineering, health, and other technologies that prepare students for skilled technical jobs.

Scientists and engineers. In this report, persons classified as scientists and engineers are residents of the United States who have a baccalaureate degree or higher and an S&E or S&E-related degree or occupation. A baccalaureate or higher degree is a bachelor's, master's, doctoral, or professional degree.

Skilled technical workforce: The STW consists of individuals ages 25 years and older who do not possess a bachelor's degree and work in highly technical fields, such as construction and extraction; installation, maintenance, and repair; health care; production; and computer and mathematics.

Tribal college. Tribal colleges are fully accredited academic institutions on a list maintained by the White House Initiative on Tribal Colleges and Universities. See

Underrepresented minority. This category comprises three racial or ethnic minority groups (Blacks or African Americans, Hispanics or Latinos, and American Indians or Alaska Natives) whose representation in S&E education or employment is smaller than their representation in the U.S. population.

Key to acronyms

HBCU: Historically Black college or university
HHE: High-Hispanic-enrollment institution
S&E: Science and engineering
SEH: Science, engineering, and health
STEM: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
STW: Skilled technical workforce