Separator.
Keyword Search
Refine results
Release Year
Custom range
to
Content Type
Areas of Interest
Topics
Attitudes About Science
Colleges and Universities
Colleges and Universities, People: Students/Education
Colleges and Universities, People: Workforce
Current Topics
Fields of Study
Innovation & Production
Location
People: Demographics
People: Students/Education
People: Workforce
R&D Facilities
R&D Funding by Government
R&D Funding Received & Spent
Research & Development (R&D) Activity
Showing out of 18 results found
  • Analysis | InfoBrief

    U.S. R&D increased by $62 billion in 2019, to $667 billion; estimate for 2020 indicates a further rise to $708 billion

    R&D-to-GDP Ratio

    The ratio of total national R&D expenditures to GDP is widely used by national statistical offices and other policy analysts as an overall gauge of the intensity of a nation’s R&D effort. In this new edition of the National Patterns series, the ratio of U.S. R&D to GDP was 3.12% in 2019 and is es...

  • Figure

    U.S. R&D increased by $62 billion in 2019, to $667 billion; estimate for 2020 indicates a further rise to $708 billion

    Ratio of U.S. R&D to gross domestic product, by source of funding for R&D: 1953–2020

    The U.S. research and development system consists of activities from a range of R&D performers and sources of funding. These include the federal government, nonfederal governments, business, higher education institutions, nonprofit organizations, and private businesses. Organizations that perform...

  • Analysis | InfoBrief

    U.S. R&D increased by $62 billion in 2019, to $667 billion; estimate for 2020 indicates a further rise to $708 billion

    U.S. R&D Increased by $62 Billion in 2019 to $667 Billion; Estimate for 2020 Indicates a Further Rise to $708 Billion

    New data from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science Foundation indicate that research and experimental development (R&D) performed in the United States totaled $666.9 billion in 2019 (table 1). The estimated total for 2020, based on perform...

  • Analysis | InfoBrief

    U.S. R&D increased by $62 billion in 2019, to $667 billion; estimate for 2020 indicates a further rise to $708 billion

    U.S. Total R&D

    Year-over-year increases in U.S. total R&D expenditures averaged $19.2 billion over the 2010–16 period (table 1). Nonetheless, an even stronger level of yearly R&D increases has emerged in the years since. The U.S. R&D total in 2017 was $32.3 billion ahead of the previous year; $50.8 billion ahea...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | V. R&D in National Accounts and Globalization Manuals

    B. Measuring R&D in global economic activities

    Guidance for official statistics on trade, investment, and international production—called global value chains (GVCs) in recent economics and policy research literature—explicitly cover R&D and related intangible assets under the heading of “intellectual property products” (IPP). (In addition to ...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | V. R&D in National Accounts and Globalization Manuals

    Description

    The System of National Accounts, 2008 (2008 SNA) is a statistical framework that provides a comprehensive set of macroeconomic accounts for policy and research purposes. The 2008 SNA recognized R&D as investment or produced asset in an economy (SNA 6.230, 10.98). R&D is defined in paragraph 10.10...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Package)

    National Patterns of R&D Resources: 2019–20 Data Update

    General Notes

    National Patterns of R&D Resources provides current data on the levels and key trends of the performance and funding of research and experimental development in the United States. These detailed statistical tables supplement analytical InfoBriefs available at https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/natlpa...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Academic Research and Development

    Academic R&D: International Comparisons

    This section provides information on international comparisons of funding for higher education R&D expenditures. The forthcoming Indicators 2022 report “Research and Development: U.S. Trends and International Comparisons” provides international comparisons of overall R&D. For a concise sum...

  • Analysis | InfoBrief

    U.S. R&D Increased by $51 Billion, to $606 Billion, in 2018; Estimate for 2019 Indicates a Further Rise to $656 Billion

    R&D-to-GDP Ratio

    The ratio of total national R&D expenditures to GDP is widely used by national statistical offices and other policy analysts as an overall gauge of the intensity of a nation’s R&D effort. In this new edition of the National Patterns data, the ratio of U.S. R&D to GDP was 2.94% in 2018 and estimat...

  • Analysis | InfoBrief

    U.S. R&D Increased by $51 Billion, to $606 Billion, in 2018; Estimate for 2019 Indicates a Further Rise to $656 Billion

    U.S. R&D Increased by $51 Billion, to $606 Billion, in 2018; Estimate for 2019 Indicates a Further Rise to $656 Billion

    New data from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science Foundation, indicate that research and experimental development (R&D) performed in the United States totaled $606.1 billion in 2018 (table 1). The estimated total for 2019, based on perfor...