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Showing out of 183 results found
  • Analysis | Working Paper

    Digitalization, Cloud Computing, and Innovation in U.S. Businesses

    Digitalization and Cloud Computing Services Use

    Table 1 examines the incidence of digitalization by two-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code industry along with the conditional (i.e., among firms that indicated IT function use) adoption rate of cloud computing by industry. Information (NAICS 51) had the highest inci...

  • Analysis | Working Paper

    Digitalization, Cloud Computing, and Innovation in U.S. Businesses

    Innovation by Cloud Computing Services Use Status

    Table 4 compares the incidence of product innovation, business practice innovation, and marketing innovation by cloud computing services use status and 2-digit NAICS code industry. Product innovation is further broken out by any product innovation (either new-to-the-business or new-to-the-market)...

  • Analysis | Working Paper

    Digitalization, Cloud Computing, and Innovation in U.S. Businesses

    Summary of the Literature Addressing Digitalization, Cloud Computing, and Innovation

    Zolas et al. (2020) also use the 2017 ABS data to investigate cloud computing services use, along with artificial intelligence, robotics, several other advanced technologies, and the digitalization of business information. The analysis examines digitalization of information across specific busine...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    C. NCSES Surveys on Business R&D

    Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) Survey Annual Business Survey (R&D for Microbusiness module)

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    Definition

    Topic 730 Research and Development, 730-10-20 Glossary Research is planned search or critical investigation aimed at discovery of new knowledge with the hope that such knowledge will be useful in developing a new product or service (hereinafter “product”) or a new process or technique (hereinafte...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    Definition

    1.174-2 Definition of research and development expenditures. (a) In general. (1) The term research or experimental expenditures , as used in section 174, means expenditures incurred in connection with the taxpayer’s trade or business which represent research and development costs in the experimen...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    Definition

    Research and development (R&D) comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge and to devise new applications of available knowledge. The term R&D does NOT include expenditures for the following: Costs for routine product testing, quality control, and ...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | V. R&D in National Accounts and Globalization Manuals

    Definition

    3.234. Research and development services covers those services that are associated with basic research, applied research and experimental development of new products and processes and covers activities in the physical sciences, the social sciences and the humanities. Guide to Measuring Global Pro...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    Description

    Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) provides U.S. GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) for businesses. ASC is organized by “topics” and Topic 730 is devoted to research and development (formerly covered in FASB Statement No. 2 “Accounting...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    Description

    The BERD Survey is the primary source of information on R&D performed or funded by businesses within the United States and is successor to the Business R&D and Innovation Survey (BRDIS) and the Survey of Industrial Research and Development. The BERD Survey covers for-profit, nonfarm businesses wi...