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Research & Development (R&D) Activity
Showing out of 46 results found
  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | V. R&D in National Accounts and Globalization Manuals

    B. Measuring R&D in global economic activities

    Guidance for official statistics on trade, investment, and international production—called global value chains (GVCs) in recent economics and policy research literature—explicitly cover R&D and related intangible assets under the heading of “intellectual property products” (IPP). (In addition to ...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    Definition

    1.174-2 Definition of research and development expenditures. (a) In general. (1) The term research or experimental expenditures , as used in section 174, means expenditures incurred in connection with the taxpayer’s trade or business which represent research and development costs in the experimen...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Production Patterns and Trends of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Beyond KTI Industries: The Case of Agriculture

    Science and technology are also used outside of KTI industries. Such industries may incorporate advanced technology in their services and delivery of their services, use advanced manufacturing techniques, or incorporate technologically advanced inputs in manufacturing. Agriculture, though not cla...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Conclusion

    The United States remains the largest producer in high R&D intensive industries. China has been making rapid progress and is now tied with the EU as the second-largest producer. China is the largest global producer in medium-high R&D intensive industries, followed by the EU, with the United State...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Executive Summary

    Key takeaways: Knowledge- and technology-intensive (KTI) industries contribute globally more than $9 trillion in output, accounting for 11% of global gross domestic product (GDP). KTI industries are defined by their research and development (R&D) intensity—the ratio of an industry’s R&D expenditu...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Individual)

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Production Patterns and Trends of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Global KTI industries, by output and share of global GDP: 2018

    This report examines production and trade of knowledge- and technology-intensive industries. These industries consist of high and medium-high R&D-intensive industries. In the high R&D-intensive industries, the United States is the largest global producer of any single country and has a strong pos...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Global Trade in High and Medium-High R&D Intensive Products

    Exported goods and services to other countries are an indicator of a country’s economic success in the global market because exports capture the country’s products that compete in the world market. The production of many goods, including electronics and automobiles, has become fragmented and disb...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Production Patterns and Trends of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Global Trends in High R&D Intensive Industries

    The United States has been the world’s largest producer of output in high R&D intensive industries for three decades. It is responsible for almost a third of global output of these industries (Figure 6-3 and Table S6-3). China and the EU are the second-largest producers with substantially lower g...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Production Patterns and Trends of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Global Trends in Medium-High R&D Intensive Industries

    The United States produces a smaller share of global output in medium-high R&D intensive industries compared to high R&D intensive industries. China is the world’s largest producer in these industries (26% of global output) followed by the EU and the United States (22%–23% global share) (Figure 6...

  • Figure

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Technical Appendix

    Growth in output of selected categories of industries, by selected country or economy: 2013–18

    This report examines production and trade of knowledge- and technology-intensive industries. These industries consist of high and medium-high R&D-intensive industries. In the high R&D-intensive industries, the United States is the largest global producer of any single country and has a strong pos...