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Research & Development (R&D) Activity
Showing out of 27 results found
  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | V. R&D in National Accounts and Globalization Manuals

    B. Measuring R&D in global economic activities

    Guidance for official statistics on trade, investment, and international production—called global value chains (GVCs) in recent economics and policy research literature—explicitly cover R&D and related intangible assets under the heading of “intellectual property products” (IPP). (In addition to ...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | V. R&D in National Accounts and Globalization Manuals

    Description

    The System of National Accounts, 2008 (2008 SNA) is a statistical framework that provides a comprehensive set of macroeconomic accounts for policy and research purposes. The 2008 SNA recognized R&D as investment or produced asset in an economy (SNA 6.230, 10.98). R&D is defined in paragraph 10.10...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Invention, Knowledge Transfer, and Innovation | Invention Indicators: Protecting Useful Ideas

    The Geography of U.S. Patenting

    As a market-driven activity, invention tends to take place where skilled human capital and other inputs are relatively abundant and low cost. As new knowledge spreads, it produces growth benefits or spillovers with a localized dimension that drive additional growth (Grossman and Helpman 1991). St...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Conclusion

    The United States remains the largest producer in high R&D intensive industries. China has been making rapid progress and is now tied with the EU as the second-largest producer. China is the largest global producer in medium-high R&D intensive industries, followed by the EU, with the United State...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Executive Summary

    Key takeaways: Knowledge- and technology-intensive (KTI) industries contribute globally more than $9 trillion in output, accounting for 11% of global gross domestic product (GDP). KTI industries are defined by their research and development (R&D) intensity—the ratio of an industry’s R&D expenditu...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Individual)

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Production Patterns and Trends of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Global KTI industries, by output and share of global GDP: 2018

    This report examines production and trade of knowledge- and technology-intensive industries. These industries consist of high and medium-high R&D-intensive industries. In the high R&D-intensive industries, the United States is the largest global producer of any single country and has a strong pos...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Global Trade in High and Medium-High R&D Intensive Products

    Exported goods and services to other countries are an indicator of a country’s economic success in the global market because exports capture the country’s products that compete in the world market. The production of many goods, including electronics and automobiles, has become fragmented and disb...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Production Patterns and Trends of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Global Trends in High R&D Intensive Industries

    The United States has been the world’s largest producer of output in high R&D intensive industries for three decades. It is responsible for almost a third of global output of these industries (Figure 6-3 and Table S6-3). China and the EU are the second-largest producers with substantially lower g...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Production Patterns and Trends of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    Global Trends in Medium-High R&D Intensive Industries

    The United States produces a smaller share of global output in medium-high R&D intensive industries compared to high R&D intensive industries. China is the world’s largest producer in these industries (26% of global output) followed by the EU and the United States (22%–23% global share) (Figure 6...

  • Analysis | Reports

    Production and Trade of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries | Production Patterns and Trends of Knowledge- and Technology-Intensive Industries

    High R&D Intensive Industry Trends in China

    China and the EU are tied as the second-largest producers in high R&D intensive industries with China’s global share growing and that of the EU in decline (Figure 6-3 and Table S6-3). China’s global share has grown rapidly from 5.6% in 2002 to 20.6% in 2018 (Table S6-3), driven by growth in many ...