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Showing out of 314 results found
  • Analysis | Reports

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | U.S. STEM Workforce: Definition, Size, and Growth

    A New Expanded Definition of the STEM Workforce

    The effect of expanding the STEM workforce definition to include individuals at all education levels and in middle-skill occupations is a major change for this report. According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s (2020a) 2019 American Community Survey (ACS), the number of STEM workers in middle-skill oc...

  • Analysis | Reports

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | U.S. STEM Workforce: Definition, Size, and Growth

    A Traditional Definition: S&E Workers in the STEM Workforce

    Past and current Indicators analyses focus on a subset of the STEM workforce: individuals with at least a bachelor’s degree working in S&E occupations. S&E occupations encompass five major categories: (1) computer and mathematics scientists; (2) biological, agricultural, and environmental life sc...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Individual)

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | STEM Labor Market Conditions and the Economy

    Annual salaries in S&E and S&E-related occupations: 2016–19

    Individuals in the STEM workforce make important contributions to improve a nation’s living standards, economic growth, and global competitiveness. This report details several aspects of the U.S. STEM workforce, including growth, demographic makeup, earnings, and unemployment. The STEM workforce ...

  • Analysis | Reports

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | STEM Pathways: Degree Attainment, Training, and Occupations

    Application of STEM Skills and Expertise by Non-S&E Workers

    Although workers with at least a bachelor’s degree in STEM occupations often have an S&E degree or S&E-related degree, individuals with their highest degree in S&E or S&E-related fields may also pursue careers in other areas. Based on the 2019 NSCG, 37% of those with their highest degree in an S&...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Individual)

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | U.S. STEM Workforce: Definition, Size, and Growth

    Bureau of Labor Statistics projections of employment and job openings in S&E and other selected occupations: 2019–29

    Individuals in the STEM workforce make important contributions to improve a nation’s living standards, economic growth, and global competitiveness. This report details several aspects of the U.S. STEM workforce, including growth, demographic makeup, earnings, and unemployment. The STEM workforce ...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Individual)

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | Supplemental Tables

    Certification and licenses held by workers with a bachelor's degree or higher, by broad occupational group: 2019

    Individuals in the STEM workforce make important contributions to improve a nation’s living standards, economic growth, and global competitiveness. This report details several aspects of the U.S. STEM workforce, including growth, demographic makeup, earnings, and unemployment. The STEM workforce ...

  • Analysis | Reports

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | STEM Pathways: Degree Attainment, Training, and Occupations

    Certifications and Licenses

    A college degree is not the only pathway to a STEM career; other options for acquiring the skills needed to enter the STEM workforce include obtaining a certificate, certification, or license in a STEM area. These credentials are generally associated with an occupation, technology, or industry an...

  • Analysis | Reports

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers

    Conclusion

    Scientists and engineers are the backbone of the creation, development, and application of STEM knowledge and expertise in the U.S. economy. Reflecting this historical context, previous Indicators reports focused on workers with a bachelor’s degree or higher in S&E occupations: mathematical and c...

  • Analysis | Reports

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | STEM Pathways: Degree Attainment, Training, and Occupations

    Degree Attainment

    A 4-year degree is one of the primary pathways for STEM workers. More STEM workers than non-STEM workers have a bachelor’s degree or higher. Based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s (2020a) 2019 ACS, approximately 45% of STEM workers hold a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 34% of workers in non-...

  • Analysis | Reports

    The STEM Labor Force of Today: Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers | STEM Labor Market Conditions and the Economy

    Earnings

    The wages that people earn fuel the economy and give workers the ability to support themselves and their families. STEM workers have higher median salaries than their non-STEM counterparts ($55,000 compared to $33,000) (Figure LBR-14). Data from the ACS show that this pattern holds regardless of ...