Discover research and development trends in government, industry, higher education, and federal research centers.



This collection presents trend data on the overall research and development effort in the United States. Information includes R&D expenditures by sector of performance, source of funds, character of R&D work, R&D-to-GDP ratios, and international comparisons.

Areas of Interest

Data Highlights

Explore prior releases
Figure 2

The share of U.S. basic research funded by business has increased from 22.8% to 34.2% over 2010–20.

View analysis

Data Collection Contact

For additional information about this data collection, or the methodology, contact:

Gary Anderson
Acting Program Director
(703) 292-8572
National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics
National Science Foundation
2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Suite W14200
Alexandria, VA 22314